On each of the seven continents there are mountain ranges. These ranges or ranges are where most of the mountains are found rather than individually. This can be attributed to the way they were formed: when tectonic plates collide or converge, the earth’s crust can be folded, curved and modified in such a way that parts of it rise abruptly into the atmosphere. The result is a landform known as mountains, which has aroused considerable interest since ancient times. The Rocky Mountains and the Andes, which stretch from North America to South America, the Atlas Mountains in Africa, the Himalayas in Asia, and the Alps in Europe are some of the main ranges of mountains. At the bottom of the ocean lies the longest mountain range in the world. Below are the longest terrestrial mountain ranges in the world.
1. Andes (~7000km)
The Andes are a mountain range that encircles seven nations: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The Andes stretch approximately 4,300 miles along the west coast of South America. The range is also known for its volcanoes, the ruins of ancient civilizations and the location of a cure for malaria. Tectonic plates beneath the earth’s crust came together to produce the Andes. The Andes Cordillera is a long and narrow mountain range. The Andes are between 120 and 430 miles wide from east to west along their entire length. North Andes, Central Andes and South Andes are the three divisions of the Andes. Climate and habitats vary greatly from region to region.
2. South of the Great Escarpment (~5,000 km)
The Great Southern Escarpment, which ranks second on this list, is a mountain range in Africa that spans approx. 3,100 miles through South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Namibia and Angola. The central highland plateau of the region is separated from the relatively limited coastal strip by the southern African rim. It is an important geographical feature of Africa that includes steep slopes descending to the oceans surrounding southern Africa on three sides from the central high plateau of southern Africa. Different names are applied to the different sections of the Great Escarpment, the best known section being the Drakensberg, which is the highest peak (11,424 feet above sea level) and is located in South Africa.
3. Rockies (~4,800 km)
The Rocky Mountains cross the western part of North America from Alaska to Mexico and continue as the Andes Mountains in South America. They are the cordilleran backbone of the greater highland system. In the central United States, the Rocky Mountains are about 5,000 km long and almost 500 km wide. Many distinct ranges make up the mountains. With a height of 4,400 meters, Mount Elbert is the highest peak. A collection of mountain ranges with unique geological histories form the Rocky Mountain range. The Rocky Mountains in the United States were created by a single subduction. Due to the shallow angle at which the Farallon Plate subducted under the North American Plate, there was increased friction, which led to layers of crust building up on top of each other.
4. Transantarctic Mountains (~3,500 km)
The fourth longest mountain range spans the entirety of Antarctica, covering approximately 2,200 miles. The Transantarctic Mountains are a huge mountain range in Antarctica that separates East Antarctica and West Antarctica from each other. They contain several groups of mountains with distinct names, several of which are divided into smaller ranges. James Clark Ross made the first observation of the chain in 1841 at the location that would later bear his name, the Ross Ice Shelf. During the British National Antarctic Expedition of 1901–1904 it was crossed for the first time. The range, which stretches across the continent from Cape Adare to Coats Land, is made up of several sedimentary layers superimposed on a bedrock or core of granitic and gneissic rocks.
4. Large dividing range (~3500km)
At over 2,200 miles long, the Great Dividing Range, sometimes referred to as the Eastern Highlands, is Australia’s longest mountain range. It is almost parallel to the east and southeast coasts of the country. There are several hills, mountains and plateaus there. The New England Plateau, Australian Alps, Snowy Mountains, Blue Mountains, and Grampian Mountains are some of these mountain ranges. It is home to a wide range of plant and animal species that cannot be found anywhere else on earth. The highest mountains and the longest rivers originate there. Gregory Blaxland, WC Wentworth and William Lawson hiked the range in 1813. Farming, logging and mining are now major industries in the area.
6. Himalayas (~2,600km)
The Himalayan Mountains stretch across the northern edges of the Indian subcontinent for nearly 1,600 miles, forming a great continuous arc. The Himalayan Mountain Range or “the Himalayas” or “the abode of snow” in Sanskrit, is a group of mountains in Asia. Its length makes it cover a total of five nations. India, Pakistan, China, Bhutan and Nepal. The Himalayan mountains separate the plains of the Tibetan plateau from the Indian subcontinents. In the southern and eastern regions of the Asian continent, more than 15,000 glaciers cover large areas of land and supply water to more than a billion people. More than 50 mountains over 7,200 meters are part of the Himalayan mountain system, including the 8,848 m Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world.
7. Ural Mountains (~2,500 km)
A natural border between Europe and Asia is created by the Urals, which rises like a long, narrow spine through western Russia. The mountain range is 1,550 meters long. The Urals are one of the oldest mountains on Earth, formed between 250 and 300 million years ago due to continental collisions. While basalts predominate on the eastern side, limestone, dolomite and sandstone were left behind by the ancient shallow waters of the region on the western side. The Urals have been mined for hundreds of years and are among the richest mineral regions in the world.
For many, mountains can be a source of livelihood, food and water, as well as an ancient cultural and spiritual beacon, an adventurous travel destination, a place of grueling personal challenge or simply a breathtaking view. from a balcony on a dream vacation. place. In addition to being essential habitats for biodiversity, mountain ranges and the lands around them serve as key locations for the spiritual and cultural practices of indigenous groups and serve as their homes. For this reason, these places should be handled with care and respect.